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[linux] [OT] Russian Prime Minister Putin orders Linux for Nation

Ken N9VV n9vv at wowway.com
Tue Jan 4 20:11:33 UTC 2011


wow! Brazil, Cuba, Russia....

<URL:
http://www.linuxfordevices.com/c/a/News/Russia-issues-order-to-switch-government-IT-to-Linux/
 >

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed an order yesterday
calling for the federal government to switch to Linux from proprietary
operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, starting in 2Q 2012. The
move to Linux is the most significant change in an edict encouraging a
transition from proprietary software to free alternatives throughout the
Russian government through 2015.

As Vator.tv noted in reporting the story, working from a translated
CNews Open report, Russia has a large installed base of Microsoft
Windows users. Many, if not most, of the Windows installations in Russia
are pirated. Yet the move should still prove to be a major financial
setback for Microsoft, especially in regard to server installations,
where pirated Windows implementations are less common, suggests the story.

Putin's executive order calls for a switch to Linux and other free
software for the five-year period from 2011 through 2015, says Cnews
Open. The order affects all Russian federal agencies and any
organizations funded by the federal budget.

In addition, the executive order is said to call for the establishment
of a repository for Linux distros and other free operating systems by
the second quarter of 2012. By this same deadline, a pilot program will
be implemented using Linux and other free software in government and
fiscal institutions. The program will be concluded in the third quarter
of 2014, says Cnews Open.

The CNews Open story quotes Alexei Smirnov, CEO of Russian Linux
distribution company ALT Linux, as saying that Russia is moving toward
Linux and other software not only to save money, but also to funnel any
remaining software expenditures to Russian firms instead of foreign
software companies. In addition, Smirnov said, the move to open source
should spur innovation.

With the global recession, there has been a continuing emphasis in using
Linux in IT programs pushed by emerging economies. These include major
efforts to switch to Linux in government and education in India and Brazil.

While cost has been the major motivator, many countries also prefer
Linux and open source software for its ease of customization and
independence from U.S. control. For example, Russia's former Communist
bloc partner Cuba developed its own version of Gentoo Linux last year
called Nova.

Tailored for Cuban society, Nova is being actively encouraged as a
replacement for Windows. A report this week from China's Xinhaunet says
that Cuba has made "significant progress" in the transition to Nova, and
that it plans to have the majority of government agencies switched over
from Windows by the end of 2011.

Windows fell out of favor for because of cost, and was also a response
to the hassles in updating and acquiring the operating system (OS) due
to to the U.S. embargo against Cuba. In addition, Cuba was said to have
had concerns over U.S. government spying via the OS.

Spying may also be a consideration in Moscow. Others have speculated
that Putin's announcement was tied to the recent chill in Russia's
diplomatic relations with the U.S.
-----------------------------------------

Ken
-- 
"QSD and .NET have left the building"



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