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TR-Plus Transmit/Receive Switch for Pure Signal
The HPSDR PowerSDR software has been extended by Warren Pratt, NR0V, to incorporate Pure Signal adaptive predistortion, which uses digital magic to improve the performance of HF amplifiers. It can reduce the intermodulation distortion ("IMD") comminly known as "splatter" by 10 dB more more. John Ackermann, N8UR has done some testing of Pure Signal and posted the results at febo.com.
Pure Signal requires that a sample of the transmitted signal, picked up at the output of the final amplifier, be fed back into the HPSDR receiver for processing. It's important that the sampled signal is at least 10dB stronger than any leakage or "crosstalk" from the rest of the transmitter chain. What you need is a T/R switch that handles four connections (transmitter, receiver, antenna, and sampler input) without allowing the transmit signal to leak back to the receiver, other than via the sampler. The ANAN series radios don't support that requirement without modifications and external components.
The TR-Plus is one way to provide the necessary switching and isolation requirements. It meets N8UR's design goal of creating a T/R switch that would support Pure Signal with the ANAN-10 radio without having to make any irreversible modifications to the radio.
TR-Plus is not limited to use for Pure Signal -- it's a general purpose T/R switch and requires only 12 volts and a standard ground-on-TX keying signal. It can be used, for example, to switch a Mercury/Penny pair, or for any 100W class receiver/transmitter combination.
TR-Plus is built on a 0.75 x 3.00 inch PCB using through-hole parts. :
Here's how the TR-Plus can be integrated with an ANAN-10 radio and external 100W amplifier:
You will need to provide a keying signal from Hermes to the TR-Plus board. This is available at pin 25 of J16 (an easy way to access this, and other useful signals, is via the TAPR Hermes Breakout Board.)
There are two specifications that are important for any T/R switch: power handling capability, and switching time.
The relays used in the TR-Plus are the same as those used in the T/R switching section of the TAPR Alex Filter. Based on measurements and experience, these relays can handle 100W at HF/6M.
Measuring between the ANT and TX connectors, the delay from applying the KEY signal is less than 1.5ms, which should be fast enough for most applications.
The third characteristic is only of moderate importance for a normal T/R switch, but critical for Pure Signal work. That is the isolation between the receiver and the transmitter. To work properly, Pure Signal wants to see about 0dBm of sampled signal. Crosstalk from other signal paths should be 10-20dB below that level. If you use a 100W amplifier, that is +50dBm, the leakage from that should be down at least 60 to 70dB.
In designing the TR-Plus, a lot of care was taken to avoid crosstalk and the results are pretty good. At 20M, the isolation between RX and TX ports is nearly 70dB, dropping to 54 dB at 6M. These values are sufficient for good Pure Signal operation without using other tricks (except perhaps at 6M).
Here is a plot of the isolation on the Rev. A board:
The price for the TR-Plus is:
$ 44 US for members of TAPR
$ 49 US for non-members+ shipping/handling if applicable.
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Shipping and Handling
Shipping and Handling within the US will be by USPS Priority Mail.
International shipping costs are calculated as closely as possible. If the actual cost exceeds the estimate by more than $10.00, TAPR will contact you to get approval for the additional funds. TAPR uses insured Priority Mail International, unless the purchaser requires something else.
The TR-Plus project team is:
- John Ackermann, N8UR, project manager, designer
- John Koster, W9DDD, kitting